Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2020, Page: 46-55
Mathematical Modeling of Failure and Deformation Processes in Metal Alloys and Composites
Mark Petrov, Department of Strength and Longevity of Materials and Structural Components, Siberian Aeronautical Research Institute Named After S. A. Chaplygin, Novosibirsk, Russia
Received: May 13, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 3, 2020;       Published: Jul. 17, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpa.20200804.11      View  169      Downloads  103
Based on experimental examples, the strength characteristics of metal alloys and composites under tensile and compressive loads are considered to demonstrate both their similarity and difference. Under tensile loads, their behavior is essentially the same. Under compressive loads, the composite shows different properties, but similar to the behavior of a metal alloy under tension. When tensioned and compressed, it fractured as a material with a different structure. When a metal alloy is cyclically compressed, the damage accumulation process is attenuated, which reduces the alloy longevity during subsequent tension. The analysis of experimental data for various types of loading from the standpoint of the kinetic concept of fracture is carried out. Instead of a number of incompatible approaches or a formal description of experimental data, that based on the theory of reaction rates is used. Mathematical modeling of processes is carried out using rheological models of the material. Structural models of the material, called physical media, reflect the thermodynamic processes of flow, failure, and changes in the structure of the material. Parametric identification of structural models is carried out on the basis of the minimum necessary basic experiment: loading of specimens with different speeds at several temperature values and by the amplitude dependence of inelasticity. Based on results of these experiments, the scope of applicability conditions for this material and test modes necessary for parametric identification of models are selected. One fracture criterion is used, which formally corresponds to the achievement of a threshold concentration of micro-damage in any volume of the material, leading to macro-fracture. The application of mathematical models for calculating the longevity of materials depending on the temperature and force loading conditions and the nature of their changes is shown. Calculations of longevity under constant, monotonously increasing and variable loads under conditions of constant or changing temperatures are based on the relationship of plastic flow and failure processes distributed over the volume of the material. They are performed numerically by time steps depending on the ratio of the rate of change of temperature and stresses.
Creep, Fatigue, Damage, Thermal Activation Analysis, Inelasticity, Rheology, Mathematical Modeling
To cite this article
Mark Petrov, Mathematical Modeling of Failure and Deformation Processes in Metal Alloys and Composites, American Journal of Physics and Applications. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 46-55. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpa.20200804.11
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